ISSN: 2582-788X (Online)
Groundwater quality Assessment of Selected Communities in Katsinala Local Government of Benue State, Nigeria
Physico-chemical parameters of borehole water from different locations in Benue State Nigeria were investigated to assess the level of water pollution. The water quality parameters studied include dissolved oxygen, water temperature, pH, alkalinity, total dissolved solids, Carbon dioxide, chloride, hardness, NH3–Nitrogen, N-Nitrogen, biological oxygen demand, transparency and water depth. The result of the pH obtained from the study area ranges from 6.57 to 11.33 with a mean value of 7.44 with turbidity ranging from 3.29-365, electrical conductivity ranging from 43.6-1460 μs/cm with a mean value of 326.77 μs/cm, The concentration of total dissolved solids (TDS) obtained in the study area ranges from 21.8 to 730 mg/l with a mean of 163.4 mg/l and The magnesium contents in the analyzed samples from the study area range from 12 mg/l to 29 mg/l with a mean value of 15.9 mg/l, The calcium contents range from 2 mg/l to 36 mg/l with a mean value of 19.4 mg/l. All the water samples from the localities within the study area show that the concentration of pH, total dissolved solid (TDS), conductivity and total hardness fall within or below the limit specified by WHO (2011) and NSDWQ (2007) with some exceptions. All the water samples within the study area showed that the concentration of cations and anions fall below the maximum limit given by WHO (2011) and NSDWQ (2007) except in Mbaauna 2 with high iron (Fe) concentration.