ISSN: 2582-788X (Online)
Proximate analysis of processed and unprocessed local rice cultivars in Swabi, KP, Pakistan
A comparative study on the nutritional contents for selected rice local cultivars was carried out in March 2021. Rice is a significant staple crop which provides nourishment to almost 50% of the world’s populations. Studies have shown loss of nutrients when the rice is processed in mills. Two local rice cultivars i.e., Garma and Kainat were selected in processed and unprocessed forms from District Swabi which lies between River Indus and River Kabul. Proximate analysis was carried out which depicted that cellulose content is highest for Processed Garma while lowest in unprocessed Kainat. Unprocessed Garma showed highest values for moisture, ash, crude fat and crude fiber while crude protein (%) was high for unprocessed Kainat (4.9). Total carbohydrates were highest for Processed Garma while lowest for unprocessed Kainat. In addition to high amount of energy it produced, it was observed in the study that the NFE > Moisture > Protein > Ash > Fat > Fiber.