ISSN: 2582-788X (Online)
Impact of climatic conditions on treatment and prevalence of common diseases of fish, in Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The study was conducted in Dera Ismail Khan, District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, to analyze the common diseases and their prevalence. A questionnaire was prepared and a total of 100 fish keepers were interviewed. The most prevalent disease symptoms reported by the fish keepers were red spots, red rashes on the skin, abnormal body parts, tail and fin rot, gill rot, and white spot on the skin. Other conditions with specific infection include red mouth, pale color, mouth disease (grey, red, white line around lips) caused by Fexibacteria, Branchiomycosis (gill disease), Ichthyophthriasis (white spot disease), neurological bacterial disease (Streptococcus spp), Flavobacterium columnare (Columnaris disease), Costiasis (grey patches on the skin), and Trichodina (Attack on fish skin and gill). No viral diseases were observed in hatcheries. The fish keepers mostly use KMnO4, Kanamycin, and Sodium bicarbonate against bacterial and fungal infections. Lack of technical expertise by the fish keepers about the fish health, lack of assistance from the government, unavailability of appropriate therapeutics and lack of knowledge leads to these diseases.