ISSN: 2582-788X (Online)
An Overview on Green synthesis of Nanoparticles and their Advanced Applications in Sustainable Agriculture
The excess use of unsafe pesticides and mineral fertilizers in agriculture has led to serious health problems and environmental pollution. Nanotechnology has been solving these problems by providing nanoparticles (NPs) with excellent performance. By green synthesis of nanoparticles from plants, animals, and microbes, the use of hazardous and toxic chemicals has become limited. Nanoparticles have excellent performance in many fields such as electronics, cosmetics, automobiles, catalysis, biosensors, bioengineering, etc. NPs also showed excellent performance in agriculture by improving crop production and food quality. Various nano-based agro particles have many smart and efficient agricultural systems involving Nano pesticides, Nano fertilizers, Nano herbicides etc. Apart from enhancing the food production, these materials operate some other functions like as identifying disease in plants, control release of nutrients, delivery of nutrients at target sites, etc. various nano-fertilizers such as Fe, Mn, N, K, Mo, P, CNTs and P showed excellent targeted delivery performance. Nano-pesticides and many nano-formulations have showed excellent pest protection performance. Here we reviewed the sources of nano-materials and their excellent performance in agriculture.